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Working Papers | January 8, 2020

Independence of Technology and Work Systems

Thomas Kochan, John Van Reenen, Susan Helper, Alex Kowalski


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The purpose of this “baseline memo” is to summarize prior evidence on the interrelationships between technology and work systems and related management practices and their effects on economic performance. While the evidence is mostly drawn from earlier generations of technologies, our hope is that it provides a starting point for testing hypotheses about how current and future digital technologies will affect organizational and employee outcomes.

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